Tallinn 2.0 is the follow-on project to the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare. Designed to expand the scope of the original Tallinn Manual, Tallinn 2.0 will result in the second edition of the Tallinn Manual. Tallinn 2.0 will address cyber operations that do not rise to the level of an armed attack under Article 51 of the U.N. Charter nor amount to an armed conflict in IHL terms. Topics will include, inter alia, jurisdiction, sovereignty, state responsibility generally, attribution, countermeasures, necessity, responsibility of international organizations, due diligence, air and space law, law of the sea, espionage, intervention, peace operations, peaceful settlement of disputes, and human rights. The expanded edition of the Tallinn Manual will, like its predecessor, represent only the views of the International Group of Experts, and not of NATO, the NATO CCD COE, its Sponsoring Nations, or any other State or organization.

PILAC is contributing to the Tallinn 2.0 Project in a number of ways:  

  • PILAC Fellow Prof. Michael N. Schmitt: Director of the Tallinn 2.0 Project;
  • PILAC Faculty Director Gabriella Blum: Peer Reviewer;
  • PILAC Director Naz K. Modirzadeh: Peer Reviewer;
  • PILAC Junior Research Fellow Jiawei He: Research Assistant on the Tallinn 2.0 Project; and
  • PILAC Student Research Assistant Ariane Moss: Research Assistant on the Tallinn 2.0 Project.

Information about the Tallinn 2.0 Project is available on the website of the NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence: < https://ccdcoe.org and https://ccdcoe.org/research.html >.

Photo credit: Christiaan Colen, “Source code security plugin,” Flickr, License: CC BY-SA 2.0.